St Paul Cathedral, full name Cathedral Church of Paul the Apostle, is an Anglican cathedral located in the City of London and represents the seat of the Ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of London.
It was built in AD 604 and is one of London’s most renowned and most recognizable sights. Since 1710 and 1962 it was the highest building in London, while in terms of area, St Paul’s is the second largest church building in the United Kingdom. It is made out of limestone and in the specific architecture of the period between the early 15th and early 17th centuries, also known as the Renaissance style. Its dome is one of the most famous structural elements of architecture, with an external height of 85m and an external diameter of 34m and is composed of three different layers, making it the first triple dome ever to be built. The dome is protected around its base by a carefully made iron chain in order to keep it safe and prevent it from damaging.
Yet due to war damage and the deterioration which occurred over time, St Paul Cathedral was subject to several reconstruction processes, but without losing the architectural history. After the Great Fire of London, the repair of the cathedral was complex and led to several ornamental changes, inspired from the design of the St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome. Thirty-two years and three months after the the Great Fire of London, St Paul Cathedral was again open. Architect Sir Christopher Wren, one of the most highly acclaimed English architects in history, was in charge of designing the structure on this occasion.
The Cathedral Church of Paul the Apostle is a lasting structure of faith and the glory of God, symbolizing the hope and strength of the city of London, while at the same time displaying the concepts of Renaissance harmony.