The Georges Pompidou Centre, simply known as the Pompidou Centre, is a culture and leisure complex located near Les Halles, rue Montorgueil in the capital of France, Paris.
It was completed between the years 1971 and 1977 (it was officially inaugurated in the last part of the month of January), being designed in an architecture style known as Late Modernism or Structural Expressionism. The steel superstructure with reinforced concrete floors was created by the renowned Italian architect Renzo Piano, a winner of the Pritzker Architecture Prize and was designed by Group Arup, an engineering company, which is a global professional services firm with the headquarters situated in London. The building specifications include 5 acres of land area, a superstructure of 7 levels, it has a length of 166 m, a width of 60 m and a height of 42 m. The materials used during the construction process are earthworks, reinforced concrete, metal framework, glass surfaces and opaque surfaces.
The interior of the Georges Pompidou Centre includes the ‘Bibliotheque publique d’information’, a major public library, the National Museum of Modern Art (Musee National d’Art Moderne), that currently has the second largest collection of modern and contemporary art in the entire world and which is the largest museum for modern art in Europe. In addition to this, the structure hosts the ‘Institut de Recherche et Coordination Acoustique/Musique’, a European institute for electronic music and audio processing. Visual arts exhibitions often take place at the complex, where some of the most important art works are also permanently displayed.
The Georges Pompidou Centre is one of the most interesting and original buildings in France, hosting one the most famous art museum in the world. Since it’s opening back in 1977, it has been an important touristic attraction, being visited by over 150 million people.