The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum located in Agra (India), one of the most famous buildings in the entire world and at the same time one of the most beautiful one.
Built by the Mughal emperor Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Khurram Shah Jahan I, in the honor of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal, it was built during the years 1632 and 1653, when it was finalized after more than twenty thousand workers were involved in the construction. Ustad (Master) Ahmad Lahouri is generally considered to have been the most important architect. The white marble dome that rises above the tomb is probably the greatest feature of the structure. It has a height of approximately 35 meters (115 ft), making it similar to the length of the base. High decorative spires rise from the lower part of base walls, offering a beautiful view to the higher part of the dome.
The architectural style illustrates the Mughal architecture, a combination of Islamic, Persian and Indian cultures which features the interlocking arabesque concept. The decorative elements which can be seen in the exterior side of the structure have been designed by using paint, stucco, stone inlays, and carvings and using precious gems such as agate and jasper. A unique symmetry of architectural elements can be proportionally admired on the exterior decoration. Expert craftsmen from Delhi and Qannauj were given the task to supervise the design. The garden is another remarkable feature of the Taj Mahal, being laid out with avenues made up of trees and special fountains. Many other palatial buildings are included in the huge complex that has the Taj Mahal as the most important structure.
Taj Mahal is considered to be one of the eight wonders of the world and there is no surprise it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site for it’s cultural and symbolic significance.
Video of Taj Mahal
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